Bournemouth University (BU) is a modern and innovative institution with four distinctive Faculties and over 17,000 students with a significant proportion of international students from around 130 countries. BU has maintained its position as one of the UK’s leading ‘new’ universities for many years. The university is a powerful player in the economic and cultural life of South West England. We are at the hub of a network of educational, business and local government partners and also played our part in the region’s preparations for the 2012 Olympics. Within the Faculty of Management, the research work most relevant to this project is carried out in the Sport and Physical Activity Research Centre (SPARC) which is the leader of this project. SPARC is home to a breadth of exciting, innovative and inter-disciplinary scholarship that aims to offer a truly holistic understanding of the derivation, constitution, and experience of sport, physical activity, the body, well-being & (ill-)health. Through asking important questions and setting important agendas for policy, practice, performance and society, we have developed a research portfolio that is of the highest academic standard and has real world application.


King’s College London (KCL) is one of the two founding colleges of the University of London, the sister college of University College London. Established in 1829 by King George IV and the Duke of Wellington, the then Prime Minister, it is the fourth oldest university in England. KCL provides a home to more than 27,000 students and is a major research university. In the 2014 Research Excellence Framework it was ranked 6th in the UK on ‘research power’, and ranks among the top 20 institutions in the Times Higher World University Rankings. Its Department of Geography (which includes researchers who are part of the Brazil Institute) is also a top 20 rated Department according to the QS 2017 World University Rankings, and is known as a leading centre of research in Urban Futures, Sustainability and Environmental Risk.


The University of Toronto is dedicated to fostering an academic community in which the learning and scholarship of every member may flourish, with vigilant protection for individual human rights, and a resolute commitment to the principles of equal opportunity, equity and justice. Within the unique university context, the most crucial of all human rights are the rights of freedom of speech, academic freedom, and freedom of research. And we affirm that these rights are meaningless unless they entail the right to raise deeply disturbing questions and provocative challenges to the cherished beliefs of society at large and of the university itself.  The University of Toronto is a leader in research and innovation, with significant impact both locally and globally. Our outstanding research scholars are committed to understanding and solving the challenges that face us today – and look forward to what is possible for the future.


Prostitution Policy Watch is a research and extension program of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, created in 2013 by bringing together researchers, journalists and sex workers to promote research and education that supports sex workers’ human and workers’ rights and citizenship. Carrying out action research in tandem with local sex worker and trans- organizations, PPW investigated the effects of the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Olympic Games on Rio de Janeiro’s commercial sexual markets.